While the United States nominally recognized Cuba`s independence, the Filipinos, who had already proclaimed their independence from Spain on June 12, 1898, did not even gain such symbolic recognition. By the time the Spanish-American war in the Philippines, the rebels were already in control of almost all of the territory, with the capital Manila remaining under Spanish control. As described in the chapter on the Philippines, Philippine rebels supported U.S. forces against what they saw as their common enemy, Spain. Nevertheless, the United States and Spain agreed to eliminate representatives sent by the Philippines for the negotiations that culminated in the Paris Treaty, in which the United States purchased the Philippines from Spain for $20 million. At the stroke of a pen, the Philippine struggle for national independence, which is already at an advanced stage, has returned to the top spot. The Spanish-American War, which lasted only ten months in 1898, represents a crucial moment in the history of the United States and the world, which affected hundreds of millions of people in much of the world. The war and its consequences marked the emergence of the United States as a world power, pursuing interests and prerogatives far beyond its own territory. It would not be an exaggeration to say that the Spanish-American War prepared the scene of American foreign and military policy in the 20th century. Similarly, the images and attitudes forged during this period continue to shape the attitude of the United States towards the rest of the world today.
. . . In the U.S. Senate, there were four primary schools of reflection on American imperialism that influenced the debate on the ratification of the treaty.  Republicans supported the treaty in general, but opponents were either aimed at defeating the treaty or excluding the provision that provided for the acquisition of the Philippines. Most Democrats have also spoken out in favor of expansion, especially in the South. A minority of Democrats also supported the treaty on the basis of the end of the war and the granting of independence of Cuba and the Philippines. During the Senate debate on ratification, Senators George Frisbie Hoar and George Graham Vest were opponents. Hoar said that the Spanish-American war that followed enjoyed overwhelming public support in the United States, as the people supported Cuban freedom and favored U.S.
economic interests abroad.  The United States has been particularly attracted to the development of the sugar industry in Cuba.  The United StatesLeave a reply